In this May 2018 photo, workers and contractors for Sunoco Pipeline investigate sink holes behind homes at Lisa Drive, West Whiteland Township, Chester County where the company has been drilling for construction of the Mariner East 2 and 2X pipelines. In the photo, a security guard is taking a picture of the reporter.
Jon Hurdle / StateImpact PA
Charges dismissed in alleged Mariner East buy-a-badge scheme; Chester County residents push DA to re-file charges
District Attorney so far silent on whether she will re-file case against Energy Transfer employee
Susan Phillips tells stories about the consequences of political decisions on people's every day lives. She has worked as a reporter for WHYY since 2004. Susan's coverage of the 2008 Presidential election resulted in a story on the front page of the New York Times. In 2010 she traveled to Haiti to cover the earthquake. That same year she produced an award-winning series on Pennsylvania's natural gas rush called "The Shale Game." She received a 2013 Alfred I. duPont-Columbia University Journalism Award for her work covering natural gas drilling in Pennsylvania. She has also won several Edward R. Murrow awards for her work with StateImpact. In 2013/14 she spent a year at MIT as a Knight Science Journalism Fellow. She has also been a Metcalf Fellow, an MBL Logan Science Journalism Fellow and reported from Marrakech on the 2016 climate talks as an International Reporting Project Fellow. A graduate of Columbia School of Journalism, she earned her Bachelor's degree in International Relations from George Washington University.
Jon Hurdle / StateImpact Pennsylvania
Contractors for Sunoco drove a backhoe to the site of a sinkhole at Lisa Drive in Chester County’s West Whiteland Township.
Residents of Chester County who oppose the Mariner East pipeline project have asked the Chester County District Attorney to re-file charges against an Energy Transfer employee after all criminal counts were dismissed at a preliminary hearing last week.
Chester County district judge John Bailey threw out all charges against Havertown resident Frank Recknagel after a hearing that lasted more than five hours, saying there was not enough evidence to move the case forward.
Recknagel, who manages security for the controversial pipeline, was facing 60 felony counts of bribery, conspiracy and related charges.
His attorneys called the charges “ludicrous from day one.”
“We never had a doubt that Frank would be ultimately vindicated but the reputational and personal impact is staggering,” said Justin Danilewitz.
Former Chester County DA Tom Hogan filed charges against Recknagel in December, as part of what he called a “buy-a-badge” scheme. Hogan alleged that Energy Transfer, parent company of Mariner East pipeline builder Sunoco Logistics, hired armed Pennsylvania constables to illegally provide security for the pipeline and then hid how those constables were paid.
Recknagel, according to the criminal complaint, organized the scheme.
When announcing the charges, Hogan said the constables used their badges and guns to intimidate residents living near Mariner East construction sites.
“There’s a very clear line that has to be drawn between law enforcement who is acting for the public good, and the public good alone, and the corporate employee who is acting for the good of the organization,” Hogan said at the time. “You cannot mix those two together.”
But Danilewitz says Recknagel’s role was to “provide a peace keeping function.”
“Frank took every opportunity to de-escalate tensions with landowners,” Danilewitz said.
He said there are emails to prove Recknagel’s intent, but would not provide them to StateImpact Pennsylvania.
He said construction workers felt unsafe and needed security.
The area around Lisa Drive in West Whiteland Township drew heightened attention when sinkholes began forming in residential backyards in 2018. Energy Transfer has since bought five homes directly impacted by the sinkholes.
“We learned that some landowners requested this [security presence] because there were so many people from the press and rabble rousers walking over their property,” Danilewitz said.
Nearby residents say that’s not true.
“One hundred percent false,” said Ginny Kerslake, who lives in West Whiteland Township and has suffered damage to her property from the pipeline construction. She is part of the group Del-Chesco United for Pipeline Safety.
Kerslake said homeowners complained of having lights shined in their windows at night, security guards stopping them and their friends, and filming them. She said the relatively quiet suburban middle-class neighborhood was transformed by the arrival of construction vehicles and aggressive security guards.
“Sunoco’s security guards drove back and forth a few times videoing me on my own property,” she said. “They were definitely not asked to be there. This is [Energy Transfer] trying to create a false narrative.”
Del-Chesco has asked the current Chester County DA Deb Ryan to re-file the case.
A spokesperson for the Ryan’s office said they are “in the process of looking at our case and making a decision on that front.”
Ryan could also refer the case to the Attorney General, who recently charged two gas drillers with criminal conduct and released a grand jury report that included criticism of how the Department of Environmental Protection responds to gas industry complaints from residents.
Ryan would not comment on claims by Recknagel’s attorney that the original charges were politically motivated.
“The anti-pipeline activists happen to be on one side of the discussion today,” Danilewitz said. “But what I think the public might not appreciate is the tables could easily be turned. It’s in everyone’s interest that prosecutors’ decisions should be non-political decisions.”
Kerslake said that was a concern of hers when she first heard of the charges filed. But she points out that the former DA, Tom Hogan is a Republican who chose not to run for re-election. The current DA is a Democrat and has continued to pursue the case.
Charges were also filed against the constables themselves, along with employees of the international security firm Tiger Swan. Those preliminary hearings are scheduled for August. The Delaware County DA, a Democrat, also looked into criminal conduct and referred a case related to the Mariner East to the Attorney General’s office. The FBI is also reported to be investigating how the state issued permits for the Mariner East project.
“There’s a lot there,” Kerslake said, “and to say that it’s politically motivated, that’s an easy way for them to just dismiss all this.”