Pennsylvania

Energy. Environment. Economy.

Report: gas impact fee revenue will hit record low this year

Fewer new wells being drilled means there is less revenue being generated by Pennsylvania's gas impact fees.

Joe Ulrich/ WITF

Fewer new wells being drilled means there is less revenue being generated by Pennsylvania's gas impact fees.

Revenue from Pennsylvania’s natural gas drilling impact fee is expected to hit a record low this year, according to a report from the state’s Independent Fiscal Office.

The IFO projects the fees will bring in $174.6 million–down 7 percent compared to last year. It’s a 23 percent decline since peaking at $225 million three years ago.

The drop is largely driven by a decline in new drilling, due to depressed gas prices. Pennsylvania is the only major energy-producing state that doesn’t tax gas production. Instead, a so-called “impact fee” is levied on each well drilled. The fees are highest in the first year of a well’s life and can range from $40,000 to $60,000. As time goes by, the fees decline– ending completely after 15 years.

So without new drilling, older wells generate dwindling amounts of revenue.

“The aging wells and declining revenues– that’s a normal occurrence,” says IFO deputy director Mark Ryan. “Production can extend for a while, but it does tail off significantly after the first five or so years.”

There were 503 new wells drilled in 2016, compared to 7,450 wells aged four years or more. About a quarter of those older wells didn’t pay the fee at all– either because they’d been plugged or produced so little gas they were exempt.

The fees have become an important source of funds for local governments because 60 percent of the money stays in the regions where drilling occurs. The rest goes to various state agencies involved in regulating the industry and to the Marcellus Legacy Fund– which gets spread out around the state.

The final revenue totals will be released later this year by the state Public Utility Commission. Governor Tom Wolf has said he intends to push for a new tax on gas production this year, although he’s been unsuccessful in getting one through the legislature for the past two years. Wolf’s expected to outline his new plan in his annual budget address February 7.

Comments

  • Wayne

    “…7,450 wells aged four years or more. About a quarter of those older wells didn’t pay the fee at all– either because they’d been plugged or produced so little gas they were exempt.”

    “Ban fracking” groups have been pointing to the extremely rapid decline rate of unconventional shale gas wells for the past 8 years. The industry can not sustain itself without carrying massive debt and receiving massive investment money, even while constantly drilling new wells. Bernie Madoff would have been proud of the shale gas and oil extraction industry.

  • NorthernTier

    That Marcellus Shale unconventional wells would probably have an accelerated decline rate similar to the Barnett Shale rate was anticipated and well known. But no one could have known for sure eight years ago.

    One factor that *might* have contibuted to fewer wells being counted for ~2012-on was the PUC’s decision to use the DEP’s definition of the SPUD date. Rather than being the date actual drilling of the well starts, it’s the date the conductor pipe for the well is set. Some drillers objected because they routinely set the conductor pipe(s) when a well pad was prepared … not right before drilling the well started.

About StateImpact

StateImpact seeks to inform and engage local communities with broadcast and online news focused on how state government decisions affect your lives.
Learn More »

Economy
Education