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Pennsylvania’s Climate Change Future: Read The Missing Report

A 2009 state report found Pennsylvania contributes one percent of the world's greenhouse gases.

Frank Rumpenhorst DPA /LANDOV

A 2009 state report found Pennsylvania contributes one percent of the world's greenhouse gases.

A pair of legally-mandated reports outlining how climate change will affect Pennsylvania are currently a year overdue.

The state’s Climate Change Act required the publication of both reports in 2009, followed by an update every three years.

Both documents were due last year, but they’re still under review, and the state Department of Environmental Protection won’t say when they will be released.

StateImpact Pennsylvania has obtained one of the original draft reports. It was written by a team of scientists from Penn State University and submitted to the DEP in early 2012.

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Marcellus Shale Exports Could Transform Global LNG Market

The offshore loading pier at Dominion has not received a ship importing liquefied natural gas since January 2011.

Lindsay Lazarski / WHYY/Newsworks

The offshore loading pier at Dominion has not received a ship importing liquefied natural gas since January 2011.

In energy-hungry countries, all eyes are on Pennsylvania’s Marcellus Shale gas. In a dramatic shift from just five years ago, the U.S. is looking to export, instead of import natural gas. And if more natural gas starts getting shipped abroad, Pennsylvania’s Marcellus Shale could help change the global market for natural gas, and lighting homes in Tokyo.

The U.S. currently has two export terminals, one in Sabine Pass, Louisiana, and the ConocoPhillips LNG export terminal in North Cook Inlet, Alaska. The U.S. Department of Energy just gave preliminary approval for ConocoPhillips to expand its Freeport, Texas import terminal to export liquefied natural gas. About 17 other export proposals now await approval by the DOE, including the Cove Point liquefied natural gas import terminal operated by Dominion Resources.

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Corbett Administration Ignoring Pennsylvania’s Climate Change Law

The Corbett Administration has failed to produce a pair of legally required reports about climate change, and the governor is reluctant to publicly discuss the topic.

Michael Bryant/Inquirer/Landov

The Corbett Administration has failed to produce a pair of legally required reports about climate change, and the governor is reluctant to publicly discuss the topic.

Despite widespread scientific agreement about the risks of climate change, the issue has become highly politicized.

After President Obama recently announced his plans to tackle global warming, Governor Corbett called the proposal a war on coal and jobs.

While the Corbett administration is critical of federal action on the issue, it’s also been ignoring a Pennsylvania law requiring the state to address climate change.

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Senate Panel Examines Complaints Of Underpaid Gas Royalties

National Association of Royalty Owners (NARO) President Doug Sikes testifying before a Senate committee on gas royalty payments.

Marie Cusick/StateImpact Pennsylvania

National Association of Royalty Owners (NARO) President David Sikes testifying before a senate committee on gas royalty payments.

A Senate hearing today about gas royalty payments began with a mention of mushrooms.

Joel Rotz is the senior director of state government affairs for the Pennsylvania Farm Bureau. He pointed out the state’s prominence as a top mushroom producer.

“Why do I bring that up?” he asked rhetorically, “Most of you know how you grow mushrooms. Keep them in the dark. Feed them a little manure, and they grow. We’ve got landowners out there right now who are feeling a little like mushrooms.”

As StateImpact Pennsylvania recently reported, some landowners in the state’s most drilled on place — Bradford County — are alleging they’re being cheated out of royalty payments by one of the biggest gas companies in the nation.

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Q&A: Industry Economist Makes the Case for Exports

Liquefied natural gas (LNG) storage tanks and a membrane-type tanker are seen at Tokyo Electric Power Co.'s Futtsu Thermal Power Station in Futtsu, east of Tokyo February 20, 2013. Japan's imports of LNG hit a monthly record of 8.23 million tonnes in January, on an increased need for fuel to generate electricity after the nuclear sector was hit by the Fukushima crisis.

Issei Kato / Reuters/Landov

Liquefied natural gas (LNG) storage tanks and a membrane-type tanker are seen at Tokyo Electric Power Co.'s Futtsu Thermal Power Station in Futtsu, east of Tokyo February 20, 2013. Japan's imports of LNG hit a monthly record of 8.23 million tonnes in January, on an increased need for fuel to generate electricity after the nuclear sector was hit by the Fukushima crisis.

The nation’s new energy secretary Ernest Moniz spoke at an energy conference Monday, where he told the audience that applications for new natural gas export facilities would be decided upon by the end of the year. Gas producers want to sell their fuel overseas where it fetches a higher price. But before it gets shipped abroad, it has to be converted to its liquid form known as LNG – or liquefied natural gas. Building those facilities is expensive. The closest proposed LNG export terminal to the Marcellus Shale deposit is in Cove Point, Maryland. That could cost more than $3 billion dollars to convert from its former role as a natural gas import terminal. But domestic manufacturers and those who say U.S. security depends on keeping the fossil fuel stateside are pushing back. Environmentalists worry that exports will stimulate more production in states like Pennsylvania, where activists have been pushing to implement a drilling moratorium. StateImpact spoke to the chief economist of the American Petroleum Institute, John Felmy, about the future uses of natural gas, and the export issues.

Q: Phillips: John, one of the things that keeps popping up in the news is this issue of exporting natural gas, liquefied natural gas. What was the role and what is the role of Marcellus Shale production regarding the future of LNG Exports?

A: Felmy: Well, Marcellus Shale could play a tremendous opportunity in terms of exports, because it’s such a vast deposit. Developing it can of course be used to supply other states, as we are doing now. But there is likely to be so much of it, that exporting it at a very good price would help in terms of keeping production going.

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DEP’s Fracking Record-Keeping Blocks Transparency

Susan Phillips / StateImpact Pennsylvania

Empty water jugs used to haul clean water hang from a house in Washington County. Residents suspected nearby gas drilling as the culprit for their wells going bad. The DEP investigation concluded drilling was not to blame.

Here’s a key question amid Pennsylvania’s natural gas drilling boom: How is drilling affecting residential water wells? Researchers say data on that core question is spotty. But one Pennsylvania agency could hold the key to answering questions from both residents and scientists. The problem is, the state Department of Environmental Protection says it organizes its records only to “support our operations,” according to agency spokesman Kevin Sunday.

So a simple request that could shine light on at least how many cases of water contamination the DEP determined were due to gas drilling operations, turned into a protracted legal battle. In an open records case settled last year between DEP and the Scranton Times-Tribune, the Commonwealth Court criticized the DEP for poor record-keeping.

But the DEP remains unapologetic about their unsuccessful argument to the court that providing copies of their water investigation determination letters would be “burdensome.”

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Lovers of Pa.’s Loyalsock Forest Fight to Limit Drilling There

Lindsay Lazarski / WHYY/Newsworks

"We have to be the voice of the birds," said Paul Zeph, of the Pennsylvania Audubon Society.

Deep in the Loyalsock State Forest, where no cell phone signal reaches, the sounds of rushing waterfalls and forest birds are suddenly interrupted by the sound of a helicopter.

Paul Zeph of the Pennsylvania Audubon Society says the noise could be related to gas drilling. Drillers will often drop seismic testing equipment into remote areas that are difficult to reach by roads. And that leads Zeph to cite one of the many worries that naturalists and outdoors lovers have with plans to expand drilling in the Loyalsock.

“Song birds identify one another through singing and they identify their territory through singing,” says Zeph. “With a very noisy environment, studies are starting to show that it’s impairing the ability to find mates.”

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In Sunbury, Drilling Waste, Politics, And A Pile Of Dirt

A pile of dirt has sparked controversy in the city of Sunbury, Northumberland County.

Recently, an otherwise civil city council meeting devolved into a shouting match. Councilman Joe Bartello and Mayor David Persing sparred over the city’s stormwater management rules.

“It’s already a law!” Bartello yelled. “Council doesn’t have to vote to get a stormwater plan!”

“Just bring us something that proves they need [a stormwater plan],” Persing fired back.

“I can’t give you more than you already have,” Bartello replied, “You have the codebook.”

“You never gave me a thing!” the mayor shouted back, “What the hell did you give me?”

It turns out shouting matches are not all that uncommon at Sunbury city council meetings, but the controversy over this dirt has been going on for months.


Unanswered questions

Sunbury is a small city of about 10,000 people along the banks of the Susquehanna River.

Marie Cusick/StateImpact Pennsylvania

The dirt covers about an acre of a former industrial site in the city of Sunbury. It's in a floodplain next to the Susquehanna River and a residential neighborhood.

The dirt in question is in a rail yard at the northern edge of town surrounded by a tall barbed-wire fence.  It covers an acre of an old industrial site. The area is in a floodplain right next to the river and a residential neighborhood.

Councilman Bartello heads the city’s Department of Public Safety. His job includes overseeing code administration.

He’s been asking a lot of questions about this site and not getting many answers. He’s wondering where all the dirt is coming from. He says the ground is roughly six feet higher than it used to be.

Bartello has asked the company hauling in the dirt to give him a stormwater managment plan, in accordance with the city codes.

“There’s really no information,” Bartello says, “We always get the same answer: ‘There’s nothing going on.’”

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Pennsylvania Will Get 3 Percent Less This Year In Shale Drilling Impact Fees

EPA/ Jim Lo Scalzo/ Landov

A gas drill rig near Montrose.

Despite a slowdown in natural gas drilling, Pennsylvania will only see a small drop in the amount of impact fees it’s collecting, according to new data released this week by the Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission (PUC).

A year-old law, known as Act 13, places an impact fee on every gas well in the Marcellus Shale formation.

Last year, Act 13 brought in $204 million to the state and local communities. This year, it’s expected to bring in $198 million — a three percent drop.

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Controversial Head of DEP Leaving Agency to Work on Behalf of Energy Industry

Susan Phillips/StateImpact Pennsylvania

DEP Secretary Michael Krancer will leave his post on April 15 to work for his former employer, the Philadelphia law firm, Blank Rome.

The head of Pennsylvania’s Department of Environmental Protection, Michael Krancer, announced today he will be leaving the agency on April 15 to return to Blank Rome, an influential Philadelphia law firm where he worked during the 1990′s.

Krancer will become chair of Blank Rome’s Energy, Petrochemical and Natural Resources Practice, where he will be, “enhancing the firm’s existing energy and public policy talent and advising US and global energy clients,” according to a Blank Rome press release.

Governor Corbett’s deputy chief of staff, Christopher Abruzzo, will serve as acting DEP secretary until a replacement is named.

Krancer has been a controversial figure, leading the DEP at a critical time through the expansion of gas drilling the Marcellus Shale. He has clashed the federal Environmental Protection Agency, and been criticized by environmentalists for his pro-industry stance. Recently, he’s been reluctant to embrace the scientific consensus surrounding climate change.

 

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