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PSU: No Tie Between Drilling And Crime

Scott Detrow / StateImpact Pennsylvania

Tioga County's emergency call center

Last summer, StateImpact Pennsylvania reported 911 calls had increased in seven of Pennsylvania’s eight busiest drilling counties. That wasn’t because rig workers were breaking more laws, county officials told us. It was simply a matter of more people moving into these communities.

Lisa Rice, who runs Tioga Countyā€™s 911 cenĀ­ter, said many of the calls stem from the heavy trucks clogĀ­ging the countyā€™s roads. ā€œWeā€™re seeĀ­ing more acciĀ­dents involvĀ­ing large rigs,ā€ she said. ā€œTracĀ­tor trailĀ­ers, dump trucks. VehiĀ­cles ā€“ tracĀ­tor trailĀ­ers haulĀ­ing hazĀ­ardous mateĀ­riĀ­als. Those are things, two years ago, that we werenā€™t dealĀ­ing with on a daily basis. It was more two-car accidents.ā€
Rice said before the heavy trucks came in, 20 trafĀ­fic stops on a day shift was norĀ­mal. Now, the county sees about 20 stops in a one-hour period. DisĀ­patchĀ­ers sitĀ­ting in Tioga Countyā€™s 911 call cenĀ­ter, located in the county courthouseā€™s baseĀ­ment, say theyā€™re seeĀ­ing simĀ­iĀ­lar spikes. A few years ago, theyā€™d hanĀ­dle 15 to 20 calls durĀ­ing an eight-hour shift. Now, the total is more likely to surĀ­passĀ 70.

A new preliminary study from Penn State University came to a different conclusion. Not only does the research show no connection between drilling and crime rates, it found “no consistent increases in arrests or calls to the Pennsylvania State Police in counties with high Marcellus-drilling activity.”
The report does note, though, that while calls to State Police have remained consistent in drilling-heavy counties, those numbers have fallen in non-drilling rural areas.

There are no definitive findings that Marcellus Shale drilling activity has affected crime rates in Pennsylvania, but more study is needed, according to a preliminary report conducted recently by the Justice Center for Research at Penn State. The report was produced in response to public concerns that crime rates may be on the rise in areas experiencing drilling-related population growth.
The study tracks several measures of crime in Pennsylvania’s most active Marcellus Shale drilling regions, in the Northern Tier and the south-western corner of the commonwealth, beginning in 2006 (before the start of significant drilling activity in Pennsylvania) and ending in 2010. After the Marcellus Shale drilling ā€œbreak-outā€ period, defined by researchers as intensified drilling activity that began in 2008, there were no consistent increases in arrests or calls to the Pennsylvania State Police in counties with high Marcellus-drilling activity. However, researchers noted a steady decline in calls to State Police in rural counties that have seen no Marcellus activity.
ā€œIn the three years since the Marcellus break-out period in 2008, there was a difference in the trends of State Police incidents in Marcellus and non-Marcellus drilling areas, but the difference isnā€™t so striking that we can say, ā€˜thereā€™s definitely something here,ā€™ā€ said Lindsay Kowalski, research associate in the Justice Center for Research. ā€œMore time needs to elapse before we can identify strong trends.ā€

StateImpact Pennsylvania is reaching out to the study’s authors, and will have more on this report soon.

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