Putting Education Reform To The Test

Why The Debate Over Cursive Is About More Than Penmanship

Most school districts no longer require students to learn how to write in cursive. Since the 1970s, fewer and fewer people see the importance of curlicues.

Neyda Borges / WLRN

Most school districts no longer require students to learn how to write in cursive. Since the 1970s, fewer and fewer people see the importance of curlicues.

Every October, high-school students across the country take the PSAT, or Practice SAT, a standardized test developed by College Board that provides high school students a chance to enter scholarship programs and gain access to college and career planning tools.

But, it wasn’t the algebraic equations that terrified the kids. It was the cursive.


As the kids filled in their identifying information, they came to a section that asked them to copy a pledge promising not to cheat – in cursive – and then to sign their names.

“Miss, what do they mean by ‘sign your name’?” one student asked.

“You know, the way that you write your name on important documents, like contracts or checks.”

Questioning stare. “Like, in cursive?”


I have never seen so many stunned teenagers, paralyzed, gripping their pencils, gulping. It took one child a full five minutes to copy the roughly 25 words and sign his name. 

“I just wrote it normally and then went back to connect the letters,” he later said.

This is not new. A 2010 Miami-Dade County Public Schools report found that found that cursive instruction has been slowly declining nationwide since the 1970s.

In the high-tech world of high-stakes tests, educators are working to prepare students for the FCAT, end-of-course exams, AP and AICE exams, college admissions and a successful future in which computer and typing skills are essential. In a classroom where school grades and teacher pay depend on student test scores, and educators are asked to do more and more on leaner and leaner budgets, making the time to teach fancy curlicue letters just does not seem imperative.

And that trend will only continue as the Common Core standards, which do not require cursive instruction, continue to roll out.

“The Common Core State Standards allow communities and teachers to make decisions at the local level … so they can teach cursive if they think it’s what their students need,” said Kate Dando, a spokeswoman for the Council of Chief State School Officers, which promotes Common Core.

But not all of the kids in my class were lost. There was one who copied the statement in seconds, and then sat up straight, patiently waiting for his classmates to finish. After the test I asked him if he learned to write in cursive in elementary school.

“No,” he said. “My mom taught me because she thought it was important.”

And that is the true issue. The dilemma is not truly whether the “art of cursive” writing is important. The dilemma is the growing chasm between kids whose parents have the money, education, and time to enrich their children’s learning, and those that don’t.

Cursive isn’t the only victim of standardized testing. Students no longer learn grammar. The reigning educational philosophy of the last 30 years stressed the writing process, not the final product. Researchers questioned the necessity of recognizing hanging participles or conjunctions. In the career world, they argued, people would never have to identify those. Furthermore, they contend, grammar is implicit in reading. As kids read, they will pick up all of the grammar that they need.

Besides, why do teachers need to correct errors in obnoxious red ink when all word processing software contains grammar- and spell-check programs?

That is, of course, when kids read — outside of school. When they have books in the home. When their parents read to them. When there are computers in the home. In other words: children who live in more affluent homes are more likely to learn outside of school, widening the achievement gap.

Stanford University study finds that the achievement gaps begin as early as 18 months. By kindergarten, it can be a two-year gap. Poor kids — not to mention immigrants and children whose parents do not speak English — start so far behind when school begins that they never catch up.

It is true that college students are more likely to type out their notes on laptops and tablets than to write them with pen and paper. Fewer people write checks every day, opting instead for credit cards and e-banking.

Elementary-school students use calculators. After all, when will they ever be far from a smartphone that can add, subtract, multiply and divide?

The difference is that some kids will learn. Some of their parents and grandparents will teach them those intricacies and formalities that the school curriculum leaves out. Some of them will fill in the gaps.

Some of them won’t.

Neyda Borges, a University of Miami graduate, lives and works in Miami Lakes, where she teaches English and journalism at Miami Lakes Educational Center. She is the Language Arts Department chair, The Silver Knights Coordinator, and advises the school’s newspaper and yearbook. Borges was selected the Region I Teacher of the Year in 2011 and was one of the five finalists for the county’s Teacher of the Year.

Borges is a member of the Public Insight Network, an online community of people who have agreed to share their opinions with The Miami Herald and WLRN. Become a news source for WLRN by going to WLRN.org/Insight.


  • Florida Mom

    This article highlights some important points. Cursive has value, it is shameful to raise a generation of children who cannot sign their name or read a greeting card. I am glad it was added back, but, what of those who are in grades 5-12 – will that just be tough luck?

    • StateImpactJOC

      Cursive is included in the Next Generation Sunshine State Standards which Common Core (or, The Florida Standards) will fully replace this fall. Common Core is in use only in K through 2 this year. Cursive is taught in 4th and 5th grades. Therefore there is no gap in students learning cursive.

      • fourdemocracy

        Demand it in your school regardless of grade. Some missed it in 4th and 5th grade, etc.

  • jeremyjanson

    “The dilemma is the growing chasm between kids whose parents have the money, education, and time to enrich their children’s learning, and those that don’t.”

    And what’s the problem with that? Why can’t we just accept that there’s only so much demand for educated professionals anyways and instead of trying to push everyone in to college accept the “beneficial, irredeemible and fruitful inequality of man” and embrace the fact that some people are better prepared from birth in all ways for that task than others? There is no equality, even of opportunity, and never will be. Money, privilege, connections, breeding, inherent intelligence, these things will always when out, every time.

    Instead of making kids pile up thousands in college debt pursuing a finite number of slots as professionals, why don’t we focus on growing the economy and loosening regulation so there is more demand for regular, basic labor? Why don’t we shut down about 75% of our public university programs in high-demand sectors like engineering and accounting, about 90% of programs in mid-demand sectors like law, and perhaps 100% of public university programs in liberal arts (there, the private colleges are more than sufficient) and use that money to pay down our deficit?

    • vforba

      Personally I think we need to cut back on the spending for education or figure out why it is so expensive. There is no reason why in the state of PA we spend 35% of our budget on education and the majority of it goes to Philadelphia. The do nothing but ruin our state, spend all of our resources and produce nothing worthwhile. And as far as college goes let’s cut out the bull crap classes that everyone has to pay for. Why not let them learn what is necessary to do their job. If you want a well rounded education where you want extra electives to take, then pay extra and let the cost of college get cut in half. There is no reason for many of the classes that they take.

    • WolfPerson

      I like ur avatar

    • Wanda

      Most don’t have a clue why you say what you say. But you are right.

  • Lynne

    “And that is the true issue. The dilemma is not truly whether the ‘art

    of cursive’ writing is important. The dilemma is the growing chasm
    between kids whose parents have the money, education, and time to enrich
    their children’s learning, and those that don’t.”

    This assumption is illogical and offensive. Teaching cursive to one’s child does not cost money, and the fact that this mother taught her son to write cursive does not indicate that the mother is wealthy. My goodness, teaching cursive to a child can be done in 15 minutes a day with only a pencil and some paper. I have done this with my children, and we are FAR from wealthy!

    • Michael Ejercito

      and besides, the only cursive a child needs to learn is enough to sign documents such as checks and credit card receipts. That would only take a few hours’ total instrtuction.

      • fourdemocracy

        Not so. They need to write it well and read it. Teach your children at home, Books are available at the bookstore and online. It helps with brain function and learning, etc. Read the research on AHAF website.

        • Michael Ejercito

          Once they learn how to sign their name, what else are they going to do with it?

          • David

            I right in cursive all the time always have. I can write faster in cursive then printing. I’ve always done notes in cursive. Kids today should learn it in school, like you said you need to sign your name, a lot of place won’t take your signature if you print it.

          • Michael Ejercito

            Artists and graphic designers also use cursive s lot.

          • Maria

            Read the original Declaration of Independence perhaps. If they can’t write it they can’t read it either.

      • Maria

        You can’t be serious. No you must sign in cursive it’s not legal otherwise they’ll think you’re a minor child who can’t legally sign documents.

  • Donna Jean

    Free complete cursive writing lesson with worksheets –> https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wInhVD9ZT-s :)

    • fourdemocracy

      Thank you so much for your post. AHAF has a Cursive program they encourage people also. Holding your pencil and paper properly is on the internet.

  • Sharon

    No one will probably read this as an old article. I am a 73 year old grandmother and just has my 11 year old grandchild from FL say she could not read my cursive. I could not believe it so went on line reading about Common Core and it seems many educators who do not think necessary. That is about the dumbest thing I have heard. Can’t wait until this generation is asked for their signature on most documents. Yes I text and email my grandchildren but also send cards that I write in and will continue to do so.

    • jeremyjanson

      That I don’t understand. I don’t know how to write cursive, but I can definitely read it. Oh, and I already have signed a great many documents. A signature does not need to be cursive to be legally binding.

      • T S

        Cursive is everywhere–it is used in fonts in advertisements, TV shows, and smartphone apps. Some of teenagers “not being able to read cursive” may be a combination of (1) being able to read 95% of it but being a little fuzzy on the difference between q’s and g’s and z’s, and (2) wanting to distinguish themselves from their parents generation (“my being unable to write cursive and you paying attention to it marks my identity” much in the same way that slang is sought out and used to mark identity), and (3) the little thrill of attention they get when their parents–who are normally advocates for their schooling–rant and rave about how horrible the education system is because it’s not teaching cursive.

        • A

          Bad news is that schools hardly teach WRITING by hand these says,many actually dont ever teach kids how to properly form letters…since we can hardly ever get board thanksto tablets and phones kids basicly miss out on several years of self education by not reading for pleasure – people blame texting for poor grammar and low vocabulary but the real issue is that kids dont need to or want to consume media beyond about a Percy JAckson level….nothing wrong with those books but if thats ALL you ever read dont be amazed if your prose is lacking….parents who dont read are hardly an example either.
          Sadly the last three generations have been throwing away the American tradition of education as a path to prosperity

  • Vari

    CURSIVE SHOULD BE TAUGHT IN SCHOOL!!! There’s no blaming affluence, there’s only blaming the people in power who are phasing it out! It’s ironic that the testing is what is pushing the cursive out because there’s “not time” to teach it, but if it was standard and taught from kindergarten, the children would do better on the tests. Studies prove cursive writers do better in tests! Parents should not have to teach their children to write in cursive, and even if they did, it wouldn’t cost money.

  • Margaret Polls

    Why do we feel it necessary to dumb down our children? It cost nothing fir parents to teach them to write in cursive. As to grammer, you can see how people talk and write improperly and are spelling like they text. Somehiw teachers managed to teach us all of these things and still have time to teach math etc. It is too bad that children who already know these things, or are capable of learning at a faster pace have to dummy down because others can’t keep up.

  • T S


  • Dan Olson

    How many hours does it actually take to teach a child to write in cursive? It can’t be that many.

    • a

      Handwriting Without Tears is a great system to teach cursive…. point is that you need to have someone make sure your sitting properly, holding your pencil right and making a good structure…. and then work the student for 10 to 20minets or less….its the SLOW, repetion of perfect skill that takes TIME to show results. You cant get good results by putting more hours in a day, just by repeating the excercise EVERYDAY…. the teachers aremade to care about easily seen results and cursive takes time and PROPER practice to get good results…. considering that most classrooms are getting to be like a zoo theres zero chance that teachers will want to invest time in something that doesnt instantly push up the test score

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