Chesapeake Energy is the largest natural gas driller operating in Pennsylvania. It owns about 752 active wells here, but has also been fined more than $1 million for various violations.
The company has had its share of problems.
Most recently, Chesapeake is facing allegations it’s cheating Pennsylvania leaseholders out of royalty payments. Chesapeake has denied this, but in 2013, it agreed to settle a class action lawsuit over the issue. The deal still awaits approval from a federal judge.
In 2014, Governor Corbett and state senator Gene Yaw (R- Bradford) asked state attorney general Kathleen Kane to look into allegations of fraud against the company, over its royalty payments. ProPublica also recently published an investigation into the company, detailing how it raised cash by slashing royalty payments.
Chesapeake is based in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. On its website, the company bills itself as “the second-largest producer of natural gas” and “most active driller of new wells” in the country. Former CEO Aubrey McClendon founded Chesapeake in 1989. Both McClendon and Chesapeake’s political action committee have financially supported Governor Tom Corbett. The PAC gave the Republican $12,000 during the 2010 gubernatorial campaign. McClendon donated $5,000 that year, and also provided Corbett with an indirect $450,000 contribution during his 2004 campaign for attorney general.
In May 2011, the company was on the receiving end of the largest fine in Department of Environmental Protection history, for a February 2011 Washington County tank fire, and contaminating several drinking wells in Bradford County. Chesapeake voluntarily suspended hydraulic fracturing operations for three weeks in April and May 2011, after a Bradford County well spilled hundreds of thousands of gallons of fracking fluid. Pennsylvania Public Radio has reported Governor Corbett asked a Chesapeake executive to step down from his Marcellus Shale Advisory Commission, due to the company’s high-profile accidents.
In 2012, Chesapeake faced scrutiny for a controversial loan program allowing its CEO at the time, Aubrey McClendon to borrow money against the company’s wells, and use that same funding to purchase additional stakes in those holdings.
In March, the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette reported that Aubrey McClendon was taking out loans against the company’s West Virginia holdings. This month, Reuters expanded the story by reporting that this was happening in multiple states: McClendon has taken out more than $1 billion in loans, using Chesapeake’s land holdings as collateral. And as Reuters documented, he is using that money to expand his holdings in those very same wells. The circular loans — and the fact they weren’t disclosed to shareholders — raised questions about whether McClendon’s mixing of his personal and business dealings constitute a conflict of interest.
McClendon was able to purchase personal stakes in Chesapeake’s wells through an initiative called the “Founder Well Participation Program.” Chesapeake shut the program downshortly after it became public.
McClendon resigned from the company in the spring of 2013. Former Anadarko executive Doug Lawler was named as Chesapeake’s new CEO. He has pledged to rein in costs and focus the company on financial discipline.
Lawler conducted a ”comprehensive review” of the company — which resulted in hundreds of layoffs throughout the country, including staff in Bradford County.