All schools will be required to track — and disclose — how often they are restraining or secluding children under a proposed state policy.
But details about incidents, such as the reasons children are placed in seclusion rooms, would not be made public, according to a draft policy presented to a state Board of Education committee yesterday.
That type of information was the basis for a recent investigation by The Columbus Dispatch and StateImpact Ohio. The investigation, “Locked Away,” was published in August and found that seclusion rooms in Ohio schools often are misused.
In many schools, the investigation found, children were locked in closets, cell-like rooms or old offices — sometimes for hours at a time — even when they weren’t posing a risk to employees or other students.
This report is a collaborative effort by The Columbus Dispatch and StateImpact Ohio. See more at Dispatch.com and on the StateImpact Ohio website.
Further, the rules wouldn’t apply to charter schools. That’s because Ohio Department of Education officials don’t believe they have the authority, spokesman John Charlton said.
The policy doesn’t describe what seclusion rooms should look like, though it says they shouldn’t be locked.
The policy would require schools to “greatly reduce, and in most cases, eliminate” the use of restraint or seclusion by instead handling emotional issues without force. It would require schools to show they’re secluding students only in worst-case scenarios in which children are too physically threatening to other people to remain in classrooms. Seclusion rooms are most often used for students with special needs, particularly those with emotional or behavioral problems.
Some special-needs advocates wanted the policy to outlaw seclusion in schools. The draft also allows certain types of restraint that advocates say are dangerous, said the Ohio Legal Rights Service, a state agency that works to protect people with disabilities.
“Children will be hurt or worse — there will be those who die,” Legal Rights Executive Director Michael Kirkman said in a statement.
There is no federal or state rule or policy that dictates when, how often or why schools may seclude or restrain children. And there’s no requirement that schools develop any rules.
The seclusion and restraint rules have been in the works for several years and were prompted by the death of a child from a dangerous restraint in 2008.
Draft Seclusion and Restraint Policy
[Read the draft policy, as presented to a state Board of Education committee on Tuesday. ]