Ohio

Eye on Education

More Ohio High School Seniors Taking and Passing AP Exams

The number of Ohio seniors taking and passing AP exams has risen over the past five years.

About one fifth of the Ohio public school class of 2011 took at least one Advanced Placement exam during their high school careers, according to a College Board report released today. About 13 percent of the class scored high enough to earn college credit in at least one subject area.

AP Exam Participation and Performance: Ohio
2006 2010 2011
Seniors Earning College Credit via AP Exam 11,552 14,323 15,453
Seniors Taking at Least One AP exam 18,507 23,040 24,585
Graduates 120,685 121,867 120,855

But Ohio is below the national average (18 percent) in terms of the percentage of the class of 2011 scoring a 3 or higher on an AP exam during high school.

The College Board’s Advanced Placement program allows high school students to take college-level coursework in high school and earn college credit in the course areas if they pass AP exams. Most colleges require a score of 3 or better on a five-point scale to earn credit.

State Superintendent of Public Instruction of Stan Heffner, following his by-now familiar refrain, says Ohio needs to do better:

“Despite being encouraged by the slight gains we are making in Ohio in regards to student participation – we must do more. We must continue to promote AP course offerings and provide our students with more opportunities to jumpstart their college careers.”

Ohio is also below the national average in terms of the percentage of African American and Hispanic students who take AP exams and earn college credit.

The College Board report found that, nationwide, many students were “either left out of an AP subject for which they had potential or attended a school that did not offer the subject.” Education Week reports:

The gap in ability versus participation was even greater for most groups of minority students. Of the white students recommended for AP, 61.6 percent did not take an AP subject, while 42.1 percent of Asian-American students did not take it. Yet 79.4 percent of African-Americans, 70.4 percent of Hispanic/Latinos, and 73.7 percent of American Indian/Alaska Natives did not take the recommended AP subject.

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